Sabtu, 31 Desember 2011


Since the 2nd century and the 3rd century BC, in China da Egypt there is music that has a certain shape. With the influence of the Egyptian and Babylonian, Hebrew music which developed later evolved into Church music. The music was then favored by the people, because of the musicians who loiter and sing songs that are used in ceremonies of the Church. The music was spread all over Europe and then grow, and instrumental music developed rapidly after there was improvement in musical instruments such as violin and cello. Then timbulah Orgel musical instrument. Great composers emerged in Germany, France, Italy, and Russia. In the 19th century, a sense of nationalism began to wake up and grow. Therefore the development of music broken out by nationality respectively, although at first equally Romantic style. Starting the 20th century, France became the pioneer with impressionistic music that immediately replaced with expressionistic music.

A. Development of World Music
Music has been around since the ancient age and used as a tool to accompany the ceremonies of the trust. Changes in the largest music history occurred in the Middle Ages, due to changes in state of the world's increasing. Music is not only used for religious purposes, but also used tuk un worldly affairs
Medieval 1.Zaman
Medieval cultural history is the day between the end of the Roman empire (476 AD) until the Age of Reformation Christianity by Marthen Luther (1572M). Music in the Age progression is caused by the changing state of the world are increasing, which led to new discoveries in all fields, including culture. Changes in the history of music is that music tedak again focused on religious interests but used also for worldly affairs, as a means of entertainment.
Further development is the improvement of writing music and the basics of music theory that was developed by Guido d'Arezzo (1050 AD)
Music using some of the sounds evolve in Western Europe. Music Greogrian refined by Pope Gregory.
Music pioneer in the Middle Ages are:
1. Gullanme Dufay from France.
2. Adam de la Halle of Germany.
2. Renaissance Period (1500 - 1600)
Renaissance era is the era after the Middle Ages, Renaissance means Rebirth of a high level of culture that have been lost in the Roman Period. Studied music with a special characteristic, examples of love songs, songs of heroism. Conversely Church music suffered a setback. In this age of musical instruments Piano and Organ already known, so comes the instrumental music. In developing the art of Florence Opera. Opera is a drama with musical accompaniment oloeh accompanied the singers.
Composers in the Renaissance Period include:
1. Giovanni Gabrieli (1557 - 1612) from Italy.
2. Galilei (1533 - 1591) from Italy.
3. Claudio Monteverdi (1567 - 1643) of Venice.
4. Jean Baptiste Lully (1632 - 1687) from France.
3. Age of Baroque and Rokoko
Progress of music in medieval times was marked by the emergence of new music streams, including the flow of Baroque and Rokoko. Both streams are nearly equal in nature, namely the use of ornamental (Ornament Music). The difference is that wearing ornamental Baroque music that deserahkan on spontaneous improvisation by the players, while the music is recorded Rokoko all ornamental decoration.
Composers in the Age of Baroque and Rokoko:
A. Johan Sebastian Bach
Born March 21, 1685 in Eisenach Germany, died on July 28, 1750 at Lipzig Germany. Her work is very beautiful and famous:
1. St. Mathew Passion.
2. Mass in b minor.
3. 13 pieces of piano concerts with orchestra
4. Brandenburg Concerto 6 pieces
Spin-gubahannya underlie modern music. Koral Sebastian Bach created music (music for Preaching Church) and created the instrumental songs.
At the end of his life Bach became blind and died in Leipzig
B. George Frederick Haendel
Born in Halle Saxony February 23, 1685 in London, died in London on 14 April 1759. During his childhood he had shown bekat expertise in playing music. In 1703, he moved to Hamburg to become anggaota Opera Orchestra. In 1712 he again visited England. The results of the famous creations are;
1. Messiah, which is an oratorio (the name of a type of music) are famous.
2. Water Music (Water Music).
3. Work Fire Music (Musical Fireworks).
Work Fire Water Music and Music is the most famous orchestra. He died in London and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
4. Classical Period 91750 - 1820)
Dimukai classical music history in 1750, after the end of Baroque music and Rokoko.
The characteristics of Classical Music Period:
a. The use of dynamics from Hard to Soft, Crassendo and Decrasscendo.
b. Changes in tempo with accelerandos (the Fast) and Ritarteando (more gently).
c. Ornamental use of limited
d. Use of Accodr 3 tone

4 komentar:

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